India intends to use S-400 missile system to defend against threats from Pak, China: Pentagon

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New Delhi seeks to deepen cybersecurity intelligence and operational cooperation, protect critical information infrastructure, prevent adversary manipulation of public opinion, and create standards and norms that protect and secure data governance, he added.

Following the collapse of the Afghan government, New Delhi is increasingly concerned about potential attacks on India by terrorist groups such as Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammed – bolstered by a government-controlled Afghanistan. Taliban, he said.

The evacuation of Indian personnel from Afghanistan has degraded its resources to monitor potential threats and cultivate influence on regional stability, he said.

Despite its recommitment to the 2003 ceasefire, India remains willing to respond to perceived militant threats and has continued counter-terrorism operations inside Indian-administered Kashmir. Occasional skirmishes between Indian and Pakistani troops will continue, and a high-profile attack in India by Pakistan-based terrorists risks an Indian military response, he said.

Berrier said Sino-Indian relations remain strained following deadly clashes in the summer of 2020 between their respective forces along the western sector of the Line of Effective Control (LAC).

In 2021, the two sides held several rounds of high-level diplomatic and military talks that resulted in a mutual withdrawal of forces from several sticking points. However, the two sides maintain nearly 50,000 troops as well as artillery, tanks and several rocket launchers, and both are building infrastructure along the LAC, he said.

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